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What are the Causes and Treatment for Periodontitis?

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A more advanced form of gum disease that causes serious damage to your gums and dental condition is termed as periodontitis. It can have serious repercussions if not kept in check and treated in the early stages. It is also found that most systemic diseases like diabetes can be a direct resultant of gum disease having worsened over time and developed into periodontitis.Periodontal (gum) disease
Periodontitis and its symptoms
The most common causes of gum disease are from inadequate oral hygiene. Our mouth encounters a lot of external particles that can stick to gums and teeth. The bacteria form a sticky colorless plaque on our teeth which can be eliminated with proper brushing. If left untreated, it can result in tartar deposits which can infect the gum tissue over time and is harder to clean with conventional methods and needs the assistance of a dental care professional.
The plaque creates toxins that irritate the gums and cause them to swell and get inflamed. The tissues that support the bone and teeth get destroyed in the process creating pockets and recesses in the teeth arch as the gums recede from the teeth. Over time this leads to teeth being loose and will require removal and replacements.
How can it be treated?
Periodontitis is a more serious case of gum disease and requires surgery to be treated effectively.

  • Swollen gums and early stages of the disease can be treated with targeted medications and regular cleaning treatments.
  • Good oral care at home between spaced out treatment appointments is necessary for maintaining oral hygiene and help reduce the chances of periodontitis becoming serious.
  • In cases of teeth falling out, your dental care professional must administer the proper treatments for strengthening your gums before prescribing restoration procedures.
  • Bone loss is treated with grafting. This can only be fixed with surgery. In case of severe bone loss, the surgeon uses a section from a secondary bone to accelerate the process.
  • Dental appliances like trays and aligners can also be used to keep the teeth in place while medications are administered directly to the gums through the appliances.
  • Consult your dental care professional on the best course of action depending on your condition.
    Gum diseaseBest ways to avoid periodontitis
    The best way to avoid periodontal gum disease from developing into periodontitis is to maintain good oral hygiene. Always brush your teeth with soft bristles and toothpaste that medically aims to strengthen teeth and gums. Flossing should be conducted periodically and in the proper manner such that teeth are cleaned efficiently without irritating the gums.
    Using mouthwashes and rinses are not recommended unless medically prescribed. This is because some of these products contain coloring agents that can damage your weakened teeth and gums and should be avoided. Beverages like coffee and consuming tobacco products can add to your misery and worsen your condition. It is best to avoid them, at least during the course of treatment. For best results, consult your dental care professional.